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60



men!, one of the spouses quits the household; the person who

separates pays a nominal penalty. Once the penalty Is paid, the

separation is accepted by society for ever. There are no compli-

cated divorsce laws,



Fourthly, the Gadaba women do not claim their

"maintenance" after separation, A woman wh-j deserts her

spouse has to staad oa her own legs. This Is a simple

solution.



Fifthly, the Gadabas do not generally practise polygamy

bai there Is no bir against It. They, In their, simple wisdom,

know t!u! polygamy, in a free society like theirs, Is pragmatically

unworkable, and a man who risks polygamy will sooner or later be

ditched by his \vi\es.



Shth!y, the Gidibas havs a hum in approach to its own

millibars : for, to err is hu.iiaa. Oicj the erring member pays

the piaally, the Giiibis forgive him ani forget his transgression.

This sort of corrective contrivance Is lacking la civilized

communities.



Seventhly, their self-governing community life Is egali-

tarian and Jitttjcratte, Their chief and the elders are powerful

so long as they eajoy the confidence of the common people. If

ths chief go^s wrong, the eiders bring him to his knees by defying

him. In the sam s way, any one of the elders, whose arrogance

causes the displeasure of the common people, ios^s his standing In

the council of elders and Is replaced by another person In whom

the psopb repose confidence. This right to "recall" is one of

the basic principles of democratic government which we can learn

from ths Gidabas.



Eighthly, every individual Is loyal to the society symbo-



by the chief. This gives them solidarity; this gives them the

strength to unite against others. This protects their culture and

tradition. Centuries have passeda but their culture has survived

all these years.



The simple faith In themselves, their society and their

culture, Is something we can learn from the Gadabas In order that

National Integration becomes a reality and does not remain a

mere slogan.